By Daniel Sivan
Ugaritic, chanced on in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay capsules (about 1250 texts) and dated from the interval among the 14th and the twelfth centuries B.C.E. The records are of varied varieties: literary, administrative, lexicological. quite a few Ugaritic pills comprise parts of a poetic cycle relating the Ugaritic pantheon. one other half, the executive files make clear the association of Ugarit, hence contributing vastly to our figuring out of the historical past and tradition of the biblical and North-West Semitic international. this significant reference paintings, a revised and translated version of the author's Hebrew e-book (Beer Sheva, 1993), bargains with the phonology, morphology and syntax of Ugaritic. The publication comprises additionally an appendix with textual content choices.
Read or Download A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental Studies/Handbuch Der Orientalistik) (Handbook of Oriental Studies: Section 1; The Near and Middle East) PDF
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Extra info for A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental Studies/Handbuch Der Orientalistik) (Handbook of Oriental Studies: Section 1; The Near and Middle East)
219,l; it seems to be a N stem form; cf. p. 4 VI,36; it can also reflect [banttq [< ban@tq, cf. Biblical Hebrew 'n9!? [I Kgs 8:27] and the Arnarna form rbal-rnil-rtil [M 292,291). g. &-qu @ ]p[ (< bayqu) "bosom" (Ug 5 137 I,9'); mi-te [mi'tq (< mi'tay) "'0 hundred (of)" (PRU 111, p. l69,14). ay > ri ? 6 IV,22; cf. ] [l Sam. 10:14] and ;rg [Gen. 37:30] alongside ]:$D [Gen. 29:4]). S. independent pronoun (cf. Gordon 1965:361, no. 237, and also T O I, p. 264, n. n). aw > 6 - Throughout this work the resulting vowel is transcribed as 6, but the possibility remains that it might have been ii as in Akkadian.
Ja'abbidu/yu'ab/zidu] (it is less likely that the form is in the N stem, see Verreet 1983a:237). 1 1,3) - The reading may be Cya'budu] or Cya'abbidu/yu'abbidu] in the D stem. 172,22) The form can be interpreted either [wa lii or lii/la ya'muru] or [wa lii or lii/la ya'amrniru/yu'ammiru] (see Bordreuil and Caquot 1980:345). The certain examples of 'a for vowelless aleph are limited in number. 611,l). Syllabic spellings confirm that the prefix vowel is a and not i (URUma-a-ba-di[PRU 111, p. 195 A,6] and URUma-ha-diya [PRU VI 79,101).
Discussion below). Therefore, it is doubtful if those particular words were actually pronounced with [d (cf. Ullendorf 1962:350 and Blau 1968b:524 n. 8). It is also probable that those two texts were written by a foreign scribe, perhaps a Hurrian. It would appear that the shift d > d took place in Ugaritic after the invention of the Ugaritic alphabet (in contrast to the shift d > s [cf. below] which has taken place prior to the use of that alphabet, since d is not represented at all in Ugaritic writing).