A Reference Grammar of Pashto by Habibullah Tegey - Barbara Robson

By Habibullah Tegey - Barbara Robson

Show description

Read Online or Download A Reference Grammar of Pashto PDF

Best foreign languages books

Learners in Japanese Language Classrooms: Overt and Covert Participation

The verbal participation of newcomers in language study rooms bargains a wealthy seam of knowledge to the utilized linguist. Overt and covert participation, while tested, can show either the constructions of a school room and elicit privileged details on participant's self-perceptions. It examines the verbal participation of beginners in eastern as a international Language school rooms.

Yiddish: Turning to Life

Around the globe curiosity in Yiddish has frequently focused on its secular sorts of expression: its literature, its theater, its journalism and its political-party institutions. This all-encompassing examine, covers those phenomena in addition to investigating the demographic and political mushrooming of Yiddish-speaking Ultra-Orthodoxy, either in the United States and in Israel.

Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics: Papers from the Annual Symposium on Arabic Linguistics. Volume XI: Atlanta, Georgia, 1997 (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory)

The papers during this quantity deal with middle parts in modern Arabic linguistics: syntax, phonology, and edition stories. The papers within the syntax sections tackle assorted subject matters from the point of view of the Minimalist application (Chomsky 1995) and next paintings. the themes during this part are adverbs and adjectives, resumptive pronouns, gapping and vice president deletion, and the morphosyntax of reciprocals.

Relative Tense and Aspectual Values in Tibetan Languages (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)

This research provides a comparative method of a common concept of demanding, element and temper, combining the tools of comparative and ancient linguistics, fieldwork, textual content linguistics, and philology. The components of the booklet speak about and describe (i) the innovations of demanding, element and temper; (ii) the Tibetan method of RELATIVE annoying and aspectual values, with major sections on previous and Classical Tibetan, "Lhasa" Tibetan, and East Tibetan (Amdo and Kham); and (iii) West Tibetan (Ladakhi, Purik, Balti); half (iv) provides the comparative view.

Extra info for A Reference Grammar of Pashto

Example text

Kontenti in (56) ought to be glossed not as 'happy', but as 'be-happy'. 19 Before we come to a firm conclusion on this matter, however, several obser­ vations have to be made. First, not all items corresponding to English or Portuguese adjectives unambiguously behave like verbs. Actually, only those items do that refer to basic qualities such as 'big', 'small', 'happy', 'sad', colours, and so forth. Take, on the other hand, the following example: THE SIMPLE SENTENCE 35 (60) Kil tera (sedu) demokrátiku.

18 In (42), yara could not be substituted for yar, which suggests that only the latter can (but need not) be used as a 'deep' alternative form of sentence-initial kwas, probably because of its 'unverbal' outlook. ) (45) VP[-SUBJ,+FIN,+AUX] → H[y], S[AGR NP] (jumna) (46) VP[-SUBJ, +FIN] → H[n],W (47) VP → H[l] (durmi 'sleep') (48) VP → H[2], NP (kume 'eat') (49) VP → H[3], NP, NP (pista 'lend') Note that I do not use integers to mark the subcategorization features of aspectual auxiliaries and Ad-verbs, but rather the letters [x] and [y] since their complements are VPs headed by any verbs including themselves.

We already saw that an Ad-verb can be modified by an aspect verb. Sequences of aspect verbs will be dealt with later on. Here is the right place, however, to say something about sequences of Ad-verbs. Two principles seem to regulate them: (a) the cardinality of the sequence is limited to 2 (at least I never observed any longer sequence); (b) up to semantic plausibility, all combinations are permissible. I give a few examples below: THE SIMPLE SENTENCE 33 (50) Mininu torna yara kay. ' (51) Dipus di kil riunyon n kiri torna kalma.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.85 of 5 – based on 43 votes