Anatomy of the Verb: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a by Albert L. Lloyd

By Albert L. Lloyd

The ongoing debate over the lifestyles or non-existence of formal verbal point in Gothic prompted the writer to jot down this monograph whose target is to supply a totally new origin for a thought of element and comparable gains. Gothic, with its constrained corpus, representing a translation of the Greek, and exhibiting attention-grabbing parallels with Slavic verbal buildings, serves and an illustrative version for the idea. partially I the writer argues unified conception of point, actional kinds, and verbal speed awarded there possesses an inner common sense and isn't at variance with saw proof in a number of Indo-European languages. partially II an research is gifted of the Gothic verb procedure which seeks to provide an explanation for the much-disputed functionality of ga- and to resolve the matter of Gothic element and actional forms which does no violence both to the Gothic textual content or the Greek unique.

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Extra info for Anatomy of the Verb: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a Unified Theory of Aspect, Actional Types, and Verbal Velocity. (Part I: Theory; Part II: Application) (Studies in Language Companion Series)

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At the same time it forces us to modify somewhat our preliminary description of predicational types. Al­ though simple actional velocities are sufficient criteria for classification of single-pulse actions, multipartites require a deeper analysis, which reveals that the basic predicational unit is the pulse. Every action is conceived of by the observer/reporter as consisting of one or more pulses of actional energy. Each pulse may range from ex­ tremely low to extremely high energy, the number of pulses in each action may vary widely, and there is no fixed cor­ relation between the actional energy of each pulse and the overall actional velocity of the action.

6 This may be a change in the subject itself or in an object. See footnote 2. Anatomy of the Verb 30 No further change is possible and any lesser change can only be incomplete: 'dying half-way' can never represent a complete change. ' Indeed, such actions often require a special indicator to specify that not only a relatively complete, but an absolutely complete action is referred to: 'He has grown up' (so he will probably grow no more). For purposes of simplification, every complete change (action) will generally be treated as equal, but where a distinction is needed between an 'absolute complete change' and a 'relative complete change', the latter may also be referred to as a 'significant change'.

The o n l y v e c t o r i n v o l v e d , t h e f o r ­ ward m o t i o n , c o u l d be of i n f i n i t e l e n g t h , d e p e n d i n g p r i m a n l y on t h e d u r a t i o n of t h e o b s e r v a t i o n . 4 A STATAL p r e d i c a t i o n such a s 'The smoker was a r e d - h e a d ' or 'The boy was t a l l ' t h u s c o n s i s t s o n l y of p a r t i a l p r e d i c a t i o n 1) and may be diagrammed a s . i n f i g u r e 2a. A f i n a l r e p o r t from o u r h o v e r i n g o b s e r v e r c o n c e r n s t h e b u r s t i n g of a c h i l d ' s b a l l o o n down on deck.

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