By Antonio Sagona, Paul Zimansky
Scholars of antiquity usually see historical Turkey as a bewildering array of cultural complexes. old Turkey brings jointly in a coherent account the varied and infrequently fragmented facts, either archaeological and textual, that kinds the foundation of our wisdom of the advance of Anatolia from the earliest arrivals to the top of the Iron Age.
Much new fabric has lately been excavated and in contrast to Greece, Mesopotamia, and its different neighbours, Turkey has been poorly served when it comes to entire, updated and obtainable discussions of its historic previous. historical Turkey is a miles wanted source for college students and students, supplying an updated account of the frequent and vast archaeological job in Turkey.
Covering the whole span sooner than the Classical interval, absolutely illustrated with over a hundred and sixty photos and written in vigorous prose, this article is going to be loved through someone drawn to the archaeology and early background of Turkey and the traditional close to East.
'a well-written and easy-to-read quantity that each pupil and student of historic Anatolia should have on their bookshelf.' – Claudia Glatz, Bulletin of the yank colleges of Oriental Research
'...a a lot urged purchase.' – Archeologie
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Extra info for Ancient Turkey
45 These notched points are present, however, in small numbers in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic industry at Çayönü, which has many burins, notched tools, and endscrapers (but few retouched tools, including hollow-based points) that begin to increase by the end of the period. 46 Flint was the main medium, with obsidian utilized only rarely at Çayönü. Analysis of the sheen that many stone tools bear along their edge indicates that a wide variety of tasks were performed from food processing to building—the cutting of silicious plants, whether for constructing of superstructures (reeds) or for food, must have been a constant preoccupation.
While this situation may reflect a general research bias in the field, this cannot explain the lack of evidence in the intensely surveyed regions around Marmara and in the southeastern region. More likely is that Anatolia, like Greece, was sparsely settled in the initial Upper Palaeolithic. This circumstance stands in sharp contrast to developments in the northern Balkans, the Caucasus, the Zagros region, and the southern Levant where occupation between the Upper Palaeolithic and Neolithic reveals no major gaps.
47 Uyanık 1974. 48 Özdog˘ an 2004. 49 Mellaart 1975: 162–164. 50 Anati 196; Bostancı 1959. 51 Bostancı 1959. 52 Otte et al. 1995b. 53 Belli 2001, 2003b. 54 Belli 2006. 55 Bas¸ gelen 1988. 56 Peschlow-Bindokat 2003. 57 Winter 2002. 58 Bednarik 1990; Clottes and Lewis-Williams 1998; Lewis-Williams 2002; Lewis-Williams and Pearce 2005. For Anatolia, see Sagona and Sagona (forthcoming). 59 See, for example, Furst 1972. 60 Lewis 2003: 15–31. 61 For opposing views on shamanism and spirit possession, see Eliade 1964: 437–440; Lewis 2003: 43–45.